1582 Cagayan Battles
So apparently, in 1582, there was a clash between Spanish soldiers and Japanese pirates. Which means Spanish Rodeleros (sword-and-buckler men) and pikemen, versus Ronin.
40 Spanish went up against nearly 1,000 Japanese.
10-20 Spanish losses to hundreds of Japanese losses, for an overall Spanish victory.
GET REKKED WEABOOS
Roman Bronze Statuette of Aphrodite
An ancient Roman bronze statuette of Aphrodite (Venus). The goddess stands nude with her weight on her left leg, her hands positioned in a gesture of modesty. She wears a diadem in her centrally parted hair and armlets around her upper arms.
Gold ring with carnelian gem rabbit on, Roman, 3rd Century.
Bobby Fischer 1967 - photo by Philippe Halsman
The Picture of Dorian Gray
- Oscar Wilde(via everydaygun)
La Ilíada y la Odisea, por Alan Lee.
THIS IS MARRIAGE!!
Permission to be a bad ass. Nod.
He looks back at the guy like, “SEE THAT? SHE SAID YES. YOU’RE SO FUCKED.”
Like, guys. Sparta was so kick ASS sometimes when it came to women. Spartan women were given these small knives so that if their husbands came home and tried to hit them or assault them, they had a weapon within reach. That weapon was for CUTTING THEIR HUSBANDS’ FUCKING FACES so that when he went out in public everyone would know he was an asshole, abusing jerkface and they would publicly shame him.
I DID NOT KNOW THAT THAT IS GREAT
LET’S JUST TALK ABOUT SPARTAN WOMEN FOR A SECOND.
In Sparta, women could own land and were considered citizens. THAT IS A HUGE BIG FUCKING DEAL. Why? Because that was RARE AS FUCK and there are lots of places TODAY where women don’t even get that much.
Divorce was totally fine, and a woman could expect to keep her own wealth and get custody of the kids because paternal lineage wasn’t very important. And it didn’t make her a pariah! She could totally remarry, no big deal at all.
Spartan women participated in some fuckin’ badass sporting events, too. And because they were expected to be as physically fit as the Spartan menfolk (who all had to serve compulsory military duties, btw, and couldn’t marry until they finished them at thirty) they didn’t have time for lots of swishy dresses. So they wore notoriously short skirts. According to some accounts, their thighs were visible at all times. HOLY SHIT.
Also, In Sparta men only got their names on their graves if they died in battle. And women? Women only got their names on their graves if they died in childbirth. THE SPARTANS COMPARED CHILDBIRTH TO FUCKING BATTLE AND IT WAS VIEWED AS A GODDAMN BADASS AND HONORABLE WAY TO GO OUT.
FUCKING SPARTAN WOMEN. THIS DUDE HAD FUCKIN’ BETTER MAKE SURE SHE’S COOL WITH WHATEVER HE’S DOING, IF HE KNOWS WHAT’S FUCKIN’ GOOD FOR HIM.
^^ I throughly enjoyed the history lesson dashed with the colorful adjectives.
I mean, he knew she was Cersei… lol
And the women were trained the exact same way as men were. As children they were equals ; they were not allowed to wear clothing until a certain age and at that point they were sent away to a training camp until they were 18. It was only the men who were sent into the wilderness for an extra two years to ensure their strength for battle.
Plus the women could marry whomever they pleased and the men weren’t allowed to live with the women in their house until she said so. And they were tough in Sparta but also all about family. To have male offspring was good luck, to have female offspring was an honour.
This part of the movie was true; King Leonidas really did kill a man because he insulted his wife and he always ensured that he had his wife’s approval. And while Leonidas was away in battle she did rule Sparta on her own.
Sparta knew what was up.
Sorry to say but that some of this is false. I also don’t think that ancient Greece is the best example for feminists to prop up as the way things should be. Yes there are many admirable things about ancient Sparta that you did not see in many places (The Celts and Germans come to mind as having some of the same freedoms except I argue that they actually had real freedom, but that’s a separate topic).
Marriages were often arranged by fathers by bride-captures. Women cut their hair and dressed like men on the night of their bride-capture (polyandrogyny was encouraged). Women were also forbidden from wearing makeup or other enhancements, and they had to wear extremely short skirts. Sometimes men married before the age of 30 (when they were released from standing military service), but they were not allowed to live at home not because the wife said so, but because Spartan law said so. Spartan society was dominated and geared towards war above all things. Often the younger married men would sneak out from the barracks to have fun with his wife. If they were caught they would likely be heavily disciplined. Of course this was encouraged, as told by the old legend in ancient Sparta about the boy and the fox, but punishment was given nonetheless. There’s also this quote from Plutarch:
”Someone contacted a Spartan woman to ask if she would agree to let him seduce her. She said: ‘When I was a child I learned to obey my father, and I did so; then when I became a woman I obeyed my husband; so if this man is making me a proper proposal, let him put it to my husband first. They could do anything.”
In Spartan society polygamy was common. They did this because it allowed for more offspring to be reared as the army was difficult to maintain due to the rigorous standards of the hoplites and losses in battle (Spartan society revolved around war after all). This actually proved to be their undoing and Sparta declined in later centuries. By Roman conquest they were still formidable, but well beyond their golden age. Sparta relied more and more on mercenaries and helots to fight as well as the traditional hoplite and phalangite (adopted Macedonian style of warfare) formations (both of which were rendered obsolete by the Roman way of fighting). Over time the amount of Spartan citizens became less, and the helots more populous which resulted in revolts coupled with the devastating defeat at Leuctra against Thebes which began their decline.
The role of Spartan women in society was learning to be the head of the household because the men were either ruling or fighting wars. Sparta was ruled by two kings and the gerousia(a council of 28 elder men over the age of 60 that ruled for life). Helots did all the work such as farming and weaving and the like (because the men were too busy elsewhere). The reason Spartan women were allowed to exercise with the men was because they thought that if the women were strong like the men, they would produce equally strong children, thus continuing the points I made earlier about the Spartan military machine. We may look at this as freedom, but to Spartans it was a very rigid and difficult lifestyle and both genders had very specific roles and they only wanted the strong to be Spartan citizens. Essentially Spartan women were seen as glorified baby-machines. On top of being physically strong, Sparta also encouraged their women to be strong in mind as well. Spartan women’s wit and intelligence was remarked upon by the other poleis in Greece on top of all the other points I’ve presented. They were also encouraged to mingle in public life by fraternizing with men, unlike in other Greek states where the only time they left the household was to fetch water from cisterns for the most part. Yes, Spartan women had it miles better than the women in other cities, but they still had a very strict role in society.
Back then, the decline of Sparta was blamed on the women. Others thought that because they allowed women such high status and importance in society, along with owning land and wealth, Sparta met their doom. Of course, the real reasons for their decline I’ve already stated (The Battle of Leuctra and their selective citizenship and breeding doctrine and finally Roman conquest). Were the old belief true, then the Romans would still be kicking around (which if you ask me had one of the worst societies for women to live in during the ancient world).
Sources: (x) (x) (x) (x) (x)
The Judgement of Paris, Max Klinger
Francisco de Zurbarán
The Battle between Christians and Moors at El Sotillo, ca. 1637–39
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
"In 1370 the Spanish forces were saved from a night ambush when a miraculous light revealed the hidden Moorish troops. This picture depicting the miraculous event was painted for the apse of the Carthusian monastery of Nuestra Señora de la Defensión in Jerez de la Frontera. It formed part of a large, three-tiered altarpiece which comprised fourteen paintings and additional sculptures." (+)
Greek Bronze Cretan Type Helmet Circa 650-620 BC
Distinguished by the high crest and carefully-incised mythological scenes.